Sarah Luzia Hassel-Reusing: Second Appeal to the Greek population for testimonies

S L Hassel-Reusing(C)

Dear ladies and gentlemen,

at the 05.07.2015, the Greek people has, with a significant majority, voted „OXI“ against a new memorandum to be imposed via the EFSF. At the 08.07.2015, the Greek government has applied for an ESM loan, which will bring even worse conditions. It seems in this situation, that the Greek population will get out of the humanitarian crisis only with the support of the universal criminal law.

The current development with the ESM has been foreseeable. Thus I have filed in 2010 and 2012 eight constitutional complaints in Germany with together more than 1,000.- pages. And I have filed, at the 21.11.2012, to the International Criminal Court (ICC) at The Hague a charge (file number OTPCR345/12) against unknown for the suspicion of a crime against humanity because of intentious and, at the same time, systematic and large-scale damage to the health of the Greek population (art.7 par. 1 lit. h+k Roman Statute). Everyone has the human right to the, for the respective person, highest attainable standard of physical and mental health (art. 12 UN Social Pact). In addition to that, the human right to health is protected for women by art. 12 of the UN women’s rights convention (CEDAW) and for children by art. 24 UN childrens rights convention (CRC). Furthermore, children have to be protected, according to art. 19 CRC, against damages. As a result from that and from the social progression clause (art. 2 UN Social Pact), the human right to health needs to be less affected by austerity measures than any other social human right (general comment no. 14 to the UN Social Pact). That must have been known to those responsible for the conditions imposed on Greece.

Even if the situation in the state budget and in the social insurance might be so serious, that it can only be solved by significant interventions into the property of the creditors, tax hikes, and social cuts, there would nevertheless have to be saved, for all inhabitants of Greece, enough for their medical supply, for healthy food, and for housing.

According to an estimation by the former Greek Health Minister, Mr. Adonis Georgiadis, 700.- million € per year would suffice for an amount, estimated by him, of 1.9 to 2.4 million people in Greece without health insurance. Instead, up to 50.- billion € are spent alone for the financial stability of the Greek financial sector.Let me give you an impression, what is coming up to you (and sooner or later to the inhabitants of all EU member states), and why it is being done.

As meanwhile also the Preliminary Report of the 17./18.06.2015 by the Truth Commission on the Greek Public Debt, which has been installed by the Greek Parliament, shows, the loans to Greece via the „Greece Support“ and via the EFSF mainly aim at the safeguarding of creditor banks, at the recapitalization of Greek banks, and at privatization. They have never aimed at the benefit of the Greek population. As pointed out in the press declaration „UN human rights experts welcome Greek referendum and call for international solidarity“ of the 30.06.2015 by Victoria Dandan and Alfred de Zayas, the UN human rights experts on international solidarity, and on democratic and equitable order, any treaty or loan agreement, that force a country to violate the universal human rights, is „null and void“ according to art. 53 Vienna Treaty Law Convention. That voidness applies certainly even more on conditions, which are part of a crime against humanity.

The Greek government could have averted the subjugation under the ESM by applying to the UN General Assembly for an advisory opinion of the International Court of Justice on the question of the voidness (art. 53 Vienna Treaty Law Convention) of the memoranda of understanding and / or of the treaties (ESM Treaty, EFSF Framework Treaty, TFEU), which demand such a strictness. The former Prime Minister, His Excellency, Mr. Alexis Tsipras, has, regarding the voidness of credit conditions, provenly been informed about that possibility already in January 2014.

With Greece now under the ESM, the imposed conditions are going to become even harder, since the European Council has explicitely demanded at its Summit at the 24./25.03.2011 that „measures reducing the net present value of the debt will be considered only when other options are unlikely to deliver the expected results“. That means, according to the historical method of legal interpretation, that the ESM law allows any reduction of the nominal value of the state debts only, after all other measures (including the marginalization of the social system and the privatization of the public utilities (art. 14 TFEU) and of the sovereign institutions(art. 2 of prot. 26 to the treaties of the EU), but also smaller debt relief measures like lowering of interest rates) have not restored the debt repayment capacity. The „free trade“ treaties TTIP, CETA, and TISA are the next step to enforce that privatization also on the non-insolvent member states, and to make that privatization without precedent irreversible. Why many conditions imposed by the IMF are so inhuman, has been exposed by Prof. Dr. Joseph Stiglitz, a former chief economist of the World Bank in the Guardian already at the 29.04.2001. He has explained referring to the examples of Bolivia, Ecuador, and Indonesia, that some social cuts have been deliberately made so hard, that they have led to riots, which in turn has reduced the demand and the prices for the assets to be privatized. According to Prof. Stiglitz, free trade is the next step after the privatization.

Davison Budhoo, an economist and former IMF employee, has already exposed in September 1991, that, according to UNICEF, conditions imposed by IMF and World Bank have killed up to seven million children under the age of five years alone in the time from 1982 to 1991.

For the shift of money, resources, public utilities, and today even sovereign institutions, into private hands, in an organized and criminal way, the health and even the lives of people are being intentiously destroyed.

The studyCan banks individually create money out of nothing? – The theories and the empirical evidence(published at the 18.09.2014 in the International Review on Financial Analysis (Elsevier publishing house) has empirically proven the „credit creation theory“, that giral money (the money on the banking accounts) is created out of nothing, when a bank grants a loan; its creation comes provenly neither from the savers bringing cash to the bank nor from the central bank. They book „demand“ (to get the loan back) | „liability“ (to pay the loan out) for the creation of the loan and so of the giral money, and do the reverse booking entry, when the loan is paid back, and so the giral money is deleted. They get interests for per saldo nothing. Since every bank can create much more loans (and so giral money) out of nothing, than the equity of the respective bank is, every bank is replacable, there are no systemic „too big to fail“ banks at all.

The birth and the death of real human beings are different from those of giral money. Their health and their lives are absolutely real, are irreplacable, are endlessly more valuable.

I have consciously directed the charge against unknown, because so many persons from many countries are involved in the drafts and in the decisions on the conditions in connection with the loans of „Greece Support“ and EFSF, in the creation of the mechanisms for the imposition of those conditions, and in the obligation of those mechanisms to an inhuman strictness like that towards Greece (Preamble EFSF Framework Treaty) and like that of the „practice“ respectively „modalities“ of the IMF (conclusions of the Ecofin Council of the 09.05.2010, file number SN 2564/1/10).

Presumably only he files of the coming into existence of the conditions and testimonies will bring clearness, which concrete persons are responsible for those actions, which have led to the damage of so many inhabitants and citizens of Greece. Only the International Criminal Court can cope with a case of such international dimension. The guilty persons must be detected and be held accountable, and the damaging of the health of the Greeks by the austerity measures must be stopped.

It is no fate and no natural disaster, if the health of people is damaged, because one deprives them of medically needed means. It is a crime against humanity according to art. 7 par. 1 lit. h+k Roman Statute, if one intentionously, knowing that one does it, systematically or large-scale damages the health of a civil population. It is already a sufficient degree of intention for this crime, if one imposes conditions, which damage the health, or goes on imposing them, even though one knows, that they cause or will cause such a damage, even if one has not the aim to damage the health, but accepts that to reach other aims.

I have, in my charge, shown connections between the conditions and their results to the hunger and to the damaging of the health system at Greece. In order to achieve, that the ICC can start a procedure and find out the guilty persons, it is not only necessary, to prove the system and the large-scale at an abstract level, and to prove the mental element of the crime (knowledge and intention), but it also needs enough testimonies by people, who have been damaged, or as far as they already have died, by their relatives.

As already explained in my first appeal for testimonies, regarding the death of unarmed demonstrators at the 28.09.2009 at Guinea, 150 victims, and regarding presumed war crimes in the years 2003 to 2008 at Iraq, 85 of sampled 400 cases, have been enough for the ICC to presume a large scale. At Greece, for many more than 150 people, necessary medicaments and medical treatments, or food and housing are not affordable any more, because of the austerity measures. Since, at an abstract level, the system and the large-scale are much more evident than in many other cases, we believe, that already some more than 85 testimonies of concrete inhabitants of Greece, whose health has been damaged by the austerity measures, will be enough to move the ICC to start a procedure and to find out the guilty persons.

The point at issue is, that as many victims as possible themselves testify and so actively engage for justice and for the punishing of the perpetrators. This is something you can do for justice and to stop the atrocities without waiting for a government.

Already many people have made testimonies after our first appeal. We want to express our respect and our thankfulness to them. And we are thankful to the former Greek ambassador, Mr. Leonidas Chrysanthopoulos, and particularly to the voluntary clinic at Elliniko for their support. We estimate, that we still need between 40 and 50 more testimonies. It is certainly positive for the case, if even manymore testimonies are made, like in the Iraq case. The point at issue is to prove the damaging of the health by concrete austerity measures. If you have suffered serious health damage, because you as a patient with diabetes, heart problems, cancer, multiple sclerosis, stroke, kidney failure, or any other serious bodily disease, have been denied necessary medicaments or medical treatments, I request you to

support the charge. Please explain, since which time your health has been damaged by which measure.

This can refer to medicaments or to health services of physicians, which are not available any more or only with unaffordable copayments or self-payments, or not any more close enough to the place where you live.If you or your children are undernourished or malnourished, the point for your testimony is, since when and because of which cuts (e. g. of your pension, of your unemployment benefit, or of your wage) you have not had any more enough means for your sufficient nutrition. Also if the loosening of the protection against unjustified dismissal or the rise of specific costs of living (e. g. because of the VAT increase on food) are the cause, your testimony is important.

Please also testify, if you still have your medical supply or are not undernourished only because you are supported by a charitable organization. If you have become homeless, or if you have to live in an unheated appartment because of a lack of financial means, please also explain, since when because of which cuts you have not been able any more to afford the housing respectively heating.

If possible, please attach to your testimony also fotocopies of pieces of evidence, which show, that with the financial means available to you, the necessary costs for food, appartment, or health could not be paid any more. We explicitely also request the relatives of people, who have died because of the austerity measures, to testify.

The voluntary clinic of Elliniko has developed a questionnaire (see at the end of this video), which helps you to structure your testimony, and which includes the consent to the use of the testimony for the charge with file number OTP-CR 345/12. Please send it to the address of Elliniko:

Metroplitan Community Clinic at Helliniko

Iatrio Ellinikou

(inside the old American military base at Elliniko)

Post Code 16777

Elliniko, Attiki,


Every testimony with evidential pieces of information regarding the damaging of the health of concrete persons by the conditions is an important contribution to the solution of the crime against humanity in Greece. With friendly greetings,

Sarah Luzia Hassel-Reusing

Link to the questionnaire for the testimonies

Contacts in Germany

Sarah Luzia Hassel-Reusing

Thorner Str. 7

42283 Wuppertal (Germany)


human rights activist

Contacts in Greece:

(our contact at Greece for coordination and translation of testimonies)

Metroplitan Community Clinic at Helliniko

Iatrio Ellinikou

(inside the old American military base at Elliniko)

Post Code 16777

Elliniko, Attiki,


Contacts in Greece:

Mr. Leonidas Chrysanthopoulos



-on the estimated 700,- million € see the article „Health Insurance a Victim of Austerity in Greece“ by Greek Reporterof the 24.04.2014

-on the example Guinea see the article „Spart sich die Welt ihr Weltgericht?“ by the taz newspaper of the 15.11.2012

-on the example Iraq see the article „Systematische Folterung von Inhaftierten“ by the taz newspaper of the 13.01.2014

Preliminary Report of the 17./18.06.2015 by the Truth Commission on the Greek Public Debt

-study „Can banks individually create money out of nothing? – The theories and the empirical evidence“, published at the 18.09.2014 in the International Review on Financial Analysis (Elsevier publishing house).

-Guardian article „IMF’s four steps to damnation“ of the 29.04.2001, by Prof. Dr. Joseph Stiglitz

-foreword by Davison Budhoo on p. 12 of „Genug ist Genug“ (1991, published via Heinrich-Böll Foundation)

-press declaration „UN human rights experts welcome Greek referendum and call for international solidarity“ of the 30.06.2015 by Victoria Dandan and Alfred de Zayas, the UN human rights experts on international solidarity, and on democratic and equitable order

– Conclusions of the Summit of the European Council of the 24./25.03.2011





The Greek requests for a new loan : 2015, June 30 and July 8

Sarah Luzia Hassel-Reusing: Submission to the Truth Commission on the Greek Debt

ICC Appeals

PETITION to the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC):Save Greece! Save the cradle of western civilization!

European banks were bailed out, not the people of Greece !

FIDH – Report Downgrading rights: the cost of austerity in Greece

Greek Bail-Out: 77% went into the Financial Sector

UN: Report of the Independent Expert on the effects of foreign debt and other related international financial obligations of States on the full enjoyment of human rights, particularly economic, social and cultural rights – Mission to Greece (A/HRC/25/50/Add.1)

2 comments on “Sarah Luzia Hassel-Reusing: Second Appeal to the Greek population for testimonies

  1. UN, New York: Zoi Konstantopoulou, the Parliament Speaker of Greece, claim of democracy

    • Fourth World Conference of Speakers of Parliament – Zoe Konstantopoulou’s Speech at the United Nations

    Fourth World Conference of Speakers of Parliament – IPU
    Zoe Konstantopoulou’s Speech | President of the Hellenic Parliament
    New York, United Nations, 2 September 2015

    Ladies and gentlemen,
    Speakers of the world’s Parliaments,

    At this occasion of the 70th anniversary of the UN,
    Also marking 70 years from the end of World War II,
    At this 4th World Conference of the Inter-Parliamentary Union, on placing democracy at the service of peace, sustainable development and building the world that people want, I stand before you and among you, as President of the recently dissolved Hellenic Parliament to address you with a call for solidarity to the Greek people and to Greece: The place where democracy was born and where it is now being bluntly attacked and violated.

    Greece and its people have been victimized during the last five years by policies purported to provide a sustainable solution to the country’s over-indebtment and a way out of the economic crisis.

    These policies, contained in agreements called “Memoranda of Understanding” and concluded by the Greek governments and a trio of international institutions (namely the IMF, the EC and the ECB) known as the TROIKA and acting as Greece’s creditors, have resulted to severe violations of human rights, especially social rights, fundamental freedoms and the very rule of law.

    What has been presented as “bail-out” loan agreements has resulted to misery, unemployment at unprecedented rates (72% among young women and 60% among young men), hundreds of thousands of young people emigrating, an explosion of suicides, the marginalization of the young, the old, the weak, the poor, the immigrants the refugees, half of the country’s children living under the poverty line, a situation amounting to a humanitarian crisis and documented in the UN Independent Experts’ on Debt and Human Rights reports and public statements, as well as in a series of international court decisions and findings.

    On the 25th of January 2015, only seven months ago, the Greek people through general elections gave a clear and unequivocal mandate to government and to parliament to do away with these homicidal policies. Negotiations started.

    A special Committee of the Parliament was formed, called the Truth Committee on Public Debt, to conduct an audit and a legal assessment of the debt it issued a preliminary report last June.

    The report found that the state’s sovereign debt is illegal, illegitimate, odious and unsustainable. It found that the sovereign debt has been concluded through procedures which grossly violate constitutional law, parliamentary procedure and fundamental human rights and freedoms guaranteed under international law, thereby justifying the denunciation of the debt. It found that creditors had been acting in bad faith, knowingly burdening the country with unsustainable loans to save French, German and Greek private banks.

    Despite these findings, Greece’s creditors insisted that the people’s mandate be neglected.

    On June 25th, a 48 hour ultimatum was addressed to the Greek government asking it to accept, contrary to popular mandate, a series of measures dismantling labour law, abolishing social security guarantees and legal protection for over-indebted citizens, while at the same time requiring the sell-out of the most precious public assets and public enterprises, but also major ports, airports and public infrastructure.

    All to be sold or given away to repay an unsustainable and odious debt.

    The Hellenic Parliament, accepted the Government’s proposal to hold a referendum on the ultimatum, and the Greek people, through a large majority of 62%, rejected the measures.

    During the referendum week, international and foreign government officials tried to influence the referendum outcome through statements terrorizing the people.

    The referendum was held with the banks closed and capital controls imposed as a result for the ECB’s refusal to provide liquidity after the proclamation of the referendum.

    And yet, democracy prevailed. The people pronounced themselves clearly and said a 62% NO to those homicidal measures.

    What followed is a nightmare for every democratic conscience and a disgrace.

    The creditors refused to consider the referendum outcome. They insisted, under the threat of provoking a bank-failure and a humanitarian disaster, that measures harsher than those rejected be adopted.

    The government was forced to accept that Parliament legislates on pre-formulated texts of hundreds of pages with no deliberation and at pre-fixed dates with an emergency procedure and with the banks still closed. This extortion was baptized “prerequisites” for an agreement and Parliament was called to abolish laws it had only voted during the previous 4 months and to refrain from any legislative initiative without prior approval by the creditors.

    An over 100 page law construed in 1 article was passed on July 15th in less than 24 hours. A 1000 page law construed in 3 articles was passed on July 22nd in less than 24 hours. An almost 400 page law was passed on August 14, in 24 hours.

    Parliament legislated 3 times under duress and coercion.

    And after this was done, attesting that a large part of the deputies of the major governing party, including the Parliament’s President, refused to vote such legislation, Parliament was inadvertedly dissolved to ensure a “more stable majority” to implement what the people have rejected.

    Ladies and gentlemen,

    Sovereign debt is being used against the Greek population and the Hellenic Parliament to reduce Democracy. But Democracy is an ultimate value.

    And Parliaments cannot be reduced to simple stamps approving dictated norms, rejected by the people and construed to destroy societies and the next generations.

    I call upon you as Parliamentarians of the world to support the claim for democracy and parliamentary sovereignty against debt-coercion.

    And to support the initiatives of the UN General Assembly and the Ad Hoc Committee on Sovereign debt as well as the initiatives of the UN Independent Experts on debt and human rights.

    Do not allow for democracy to be annihilated at the place where it was born.
    Do not allow that any other Parliament be coerced to vote against the people’s will and against its’ deputies mandate.
    Do not allow that human rights, human lives, human dignity and the most valuable UN principles be crushed to serve the banking system.

    The world that people want cannot be built without the world’s people.

  2. To the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC):Save Greece! Save the cradle of western civilization!


    As a citizen of the world, I support the legal battles of the Greek people and ask the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC) to immediately activate procedures, to investigate the crimes being perpetrated in Greece and bring to trial anybody responsible for them. Any and all persons found guilty must be punished. Such crimes must be prevented.

    Como ciudadano del mundo, apoyo las batallas legales del pueblo griego y pido al Fiscal de la Corte Criminal Internacional (ICC) que abra procedimientos inmediatos para investigar los crímenes que están siendo perpetrados en Grecia y lleven a juicio a las personas responsables de ellos. Cualquier persona encontrada culpable de estos crímenes debe ser penalizada. Estos crímenes deben ser prevenidos.

    Ως πολίτης του κόσμου, στηρίζω το δικαστικό αγώνα των Ελλήνων και ζητώ από τον Εισαγγελέα του Διεθνούς Ποινικού Δικαστηρίου (ICC) να ενεργοποιήσει αμέσως τις διαδικασίες, να εξετάσει τα εγκλήματα που τελέστηκαν στην Ελλάδα και να οδηγήσει σε δίκη όσους ευθύνονται γι΄αυτά. Οι ένοχοι πρέπει να τιμωρηθούν, τα εγκλήματα αυτά πρέπει να αποτραπούν.


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