ICC Appeals

 

ΚΑΤΑΓΓΕΛΙΕΣ ΣΤΟ ΔΙΕΘΝΕΣ ΠΟΙΝΙΚΟ ΔΙΚΑΣΤΗΡΙΟ ΤΗΣ ΧΑΓΗΣ / The appeals in chronological order

1) Γεριτσίδου  A και Γεριτσίδου B (Yeritsidou & Geritsidou)

2) Σαλεμή  (Salemi -supported by 25 people) 

3) Τράγκας ,Κωνσταντάρας, Τζένος και Πρέκας  (Tragkas, Konstantaras, Tzenos, Prekas)

4) Sarah Luzia Hassel-Reusing 

5)  Κουίκ ( Kouik) –  Αίτηση προς τον υπουργό δικαιοσύνης 

6) δεν έχω άδεια δημοσίευσης της

και συμπληρωματικά 

Επιστολή Δάλμαρη στον Πρόεδρο του Ευρωπαϊκού Κοινοβουλίου: Καταγγελία, κατά της Ε.Ε. και της Γερμανίας και κατά παντός υπευθύνου για εγκλήματα κατά της Ελλάδος και της Ανθρωπότητος. 10/01/2014

Σχετικά/ Related : 

– petition to the Prosecutor of the ICC ( Ηλεκτρονικό αίτημα Προς τον Εισαγγελέα του Διεθνούς Ποινικού Δικαστηρίου (ICC): ΣΩΣΤΕ ΤΗΝ ΕΛΛΑΔΑ !)

– Appeal to the English speaking Greek population for testimonies –> Έκκληση στον ελληνικό πληθυσμό για μαρτυρίες

– Έκθεση του ΟΗΕ για την καταπάτηση των ανθρωπίνων δικαιωμάτων στην Ελλάδα

Επιστολή του Θεοδώρου Δάλμαρη προς τον Πρόεδρο του Ευρωπαϊκού Κοινοβουλίου ΘΕΜΑ: Καταγγελία, κατά της Ε.Ε. και της Γερμανίας και κατά παντός υπευθύνου για εγκλήματα κατά της Ελλάδος και της Ανθρωπότητος.

Ο κρητικός γιατρός που σόκαρε το Ευρωκοινοβούλιο με τα λόγια και τις φωτογραφίες του 14.03.2014

Διευκρίνιση : Οι καταγγελίες αφορούν εγκλήματα κατά της ανθρωπότητας και γενοκτονίας των Ελλήνων. Η υπόθεση είναι μια και μοναδική και οι διαδικασίες ενεργοποιούνται αυτεπάγγελτα από τον εισαγγελέα του ΔΠΔ αν έχει ενδείξεις τέλεσης των εγκλημάτων αυτών. 

 Άρθρο 15. (του Καταστατικόυ της Ρώμης

1. Ο Εισαγγελέας μπορεί να αρχίσει έρευνα αυτεπαγγέλτως επί τη βάσει πληροφοριών για εγκλήματα υπαγόμενα στη δικαιοδοσία του Δικαστηρίου.

2. Ο Εισαγγελέας εξετάζει τη σοβαρότητα των πληροφοριών που έλαβε. Για το σκοπό αυτό. δύναται να αναζητήσει επί πλέον πληροφορίες από Κράτη, όργανα των Ηνωμένων Εθνών, διακυβερνητικές ή μη κυβερνητικές οργανώσεις, ή άλλες αξιόπιστες πηγές τις οποίες κρίνει κατάλληλες, και δύναται να λαμβάνει γραπτές ή προφορικές καταθέσεις στην έδρα του Δικαστηρίου.

3. Αν ο Εισαγγελέας συμπεράνει ότι υπάρχει επαρκής βάση για να αρχίσει έρευνα, υποβάλει αίτημα στο Τμήμα Προδικασίας για να επιτραπεί η έρευνα, μαζί με οποιαδήποτε στοιχεία που στηρίζουν το αίτημα. Τα θύματα μπορούν να κάνουν παραστάσεις στο Τμήμα Προδικασίας σύμφωνα με τους Κανόνες Διαδικασίας και Απόδειξης.

4. Αν το Τμήμα Προδικασίας, μετά από εξέταση του αιτήματος και του υλικού που το στηρίζει, θεωρήσει ότι υπάρχει επαρκής βάση για να αρχίσει έρευνα, και ότι η υπόθεση φαίνεται να υπάγεται στη δικαιοδοσία του Δικαστηρίου, επιτρέπει την έναρξη της έρευνας, άνευ βλάβης των μετέπειτα αποφάσεων του Δικαστηρίου σχετικά με τη δικαιοδοσία και το παραδεκτό της υπόθεσης.

13 comments on “ICC Appeals

  1. 2 September 2011

    GREECE: A financial genocide

    By Günter Tews

    Are the Greeks not sufficiently keen on saving? A Viennese lawyer living in Athens has observed the daily life of the Greeks and come to the conclusion: they save to death. Günter Tews The loose talk coming from the highest politicians all across Europe about the “lazy” and “spendthrift” Greeks, some of which chatter can hardly be surpassed for stupidity, cannot go unchallenged. For the last 16 months I have had a second home in Athens and have witnessed the dramatic situation on the ground.

    A common complaint is that the austerity plan will never catch on because tax revenues are falling, and the willingness of the Greeks to cut back is being called into question. Surprise, surprise! Well, here are a few facts: • Pay cuts and pension cuts of up to 30 percent. • Minimum wage sinking to 600 euros per month. • Dramatic price hikes in the last 15 months (100 percent for fuel oil and petrol, 50 percent for electricity, heating, gas, public transport). • One third of the country’s 165,000 commercial firms shut down; a third can no longer pay wages. In Athens, thousands of yellow signs with “Enoikiazetai” – “For Rent” – in red letters. • In the midst of this calamity, consumption (the Greek economy was always strongly consumer-oriented) has caved in dramatically. Double-earners, those who used to bring home 4,000 euros to their families, have suddenly been reduced to 400 euros each in unemployment benefits, which are paid out only after a delay of several months. • State officials or officials in quasi-state enterprises, such as Olympic Airlines or hospitals, have been getting no salary for months and are being put off until October – or “next year”.

    The record is currently held by the Ministry of Culture, where many employees who worked on the Acropolis have not been paid a salary for 22 months. As they protested this (peacefully!) in a demonstration that closed off the Acropolis, they were promptly provided for in abundance – but only in tear gas. • The billions of euros in tranches from the EU actually flow back immediately into the EU – reportedly, 97 percent of it – as annual loan repayment instalments to the banks and as new interest charges. The burden will thus be gradually passed down to the European taxpayer. Until the crash the banks will continue to receive hefty interest payments, and they will write off the debts at the expense of the taxpayer. Money for structural reforms has not yet been found. • Thousands of independent truck and taxi drivers had to pay tens of thousands of euros for their licences, for which they took out loans, and now find themselves in the new climate of deregulation, in which new drivers need pay hardly any licence fees; the older drivers, however, are still saddled with their large loans and must pay them off. • New fees have been invented; to report an offence to the police, 150 euros are due immediately. The victim has to pay up before a complaint is even recorded.

    On the other hand, police have to pool their private money to buy petrol for the police cars. • A new property tax on dwellings will be introduced and will be levied via the electricity bill. Those who do not pay will have their power cut off. • There have been no textbooks in the public education system for months, since the state owes huge sums of money to the publishers and the publishers have stopped the deliveries. Now the students are getting CDs, and parents are to buy them laptops just to enable a class to be held. Where money for heating the schools is to be found, especially in the north, remains wholly unclear. • The university system everywhere has virtually broken down until the end of the year. Many students are unable to submit their dissertations or sit their exams. • A mass emigration of unimaginable proportions looms. Emigration consultancies are springing up. The young see no future in Greece: unemployment is up to 40 percent among young graduates and 30 percent among adolescents. The jobs that are out there are still partly in the underground economy – no social security comes with them – and the wages are at starvation level: € 35 for a ten-hour shift in a restaurant; overtime is demanded regularly, but it’s unpaid. Consequence: the investment in the future though education and training is lost; no tax money will flow back to Greece from these people. • The mass layoffs being carried out among state officials is deliberately antisocial. The individuals being let go are mostly those who have only a few months or years ahead of them before normal retirement and are being fobbed off with 60 percent of their regular pension as “early retirees”.

    The burning question: Where has all money pumped in over the past decades gone? It’s certainly not gone to the population at large. The Greek people are not unwilling to save – they simply can’t any more. All the progress made in protecting workers’ rights the past few decades has been reduced to rubble. The gates to exploitation have been flung wide open; sadly, exploitation by small firms is often a necessity for survival. If it turns out that the EU troika are enjoying dinner with the Greek politicians at €300 per head, there remains only the question of when the Greek pressure cooker will have the lid blown off. What happens in and to Greece should serve as a deadly serious warning to all of Europe. A party that would have put “reasonable austerity” onto its election manifesto would never have been elected. Addressing debt reduction is necessary, so long as it remains bearable to a degree and is not bound up with financial genocide.

    Translated from the German by Anton Baer

    http://www.presseurop.eu/en/content/article/978261-financial-genocide

  2. Pingback: Προσφυγές στο Ποινικό Δικαστήριο της Χάγης: Έκκληση για μαρτυρίες – Πολύτιμη βοήθεια από ΕΠΑΜ | JusticeForGreece

  3. Pingback: Amidst The Silent Greek Genocide | JusticeForGreece

  4. OFFICE OF THE UN SPECIAL ADVISER ON THE PREVENTION OF GENOCIDE (OSAPG)

    ANALYSIS FRAMEWORK

    Legal definition of genocide
    Genocide is defined in Article 2 of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (1948) as “any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such: killing members of the group; causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group; deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part ; imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group; [and] forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.”

    Elements of the framework
    The Analysis Framework comprises eight categories of factors that the OSAPG uses to determine whether there may be a risk of genocide in a given situation. The eight categories of factors are not ranked, and the absence of information relating to one or more categories does not necessarily indicate the absence of a risk of genocide; what is significant is the cumulative effect of the factors. Where these factors are effectively addressed, no longer exist or are no longer relevant, the risk of genocide is assumed to decrease.

    Framework
    Factors and explanation

    1. Inter-group relations, including record of discrimination and/or other human rights violations committed against a group
    Issues to be analyzed here include:
    • Relations between and among groups in terms of tensions, power and economic relations, including perceptions about the targeted group;
    • Existing and past conflicts over land, power, security and expressions of group identity, such as language, religion and culture;
    • Past and present patterns of discrimination against members of any group which could include:
    o Serious discriminatory practices, for instance, the compulsory identification of members of a particular group, imposition of taxes/fines, permission required for social activities such as marriage, compulsory birth-control, the systematic exclusion of groups from positions of power, (2) employment in State institutions and/or key professions ;
    o Significant disparities in socio-economic indicators showing a pattern of deliberate exclusion from economic resources and social and political life.
    • Overt justification for such discriminatory practices;
    • History of genocide or related serious and massive human rights violations
    against a particular group; denial by the perpetrators;
    • References to past human rights violations committed against a possible
    perpetrator group as a justification for genocidal acts against the targeted group in the future.

    [1 It might be necessary to determine if all or only a part of the group at risk within a specific geographical location is being targeted. The aim of the Genocide Convention is to prevent the intentional destruction of entire human groups, and the part targeted must be significant enough (substantial) to have an impact on the group as a whole. The substantiality requirement both captures genocide’s defining character as a crime of massive proportions (numbers) and reflects the Convention’s concern with the impact the destruction of the targeted part will have on the overall survival of the group (emblematic).
    2 This could include security, law enforcement or oversight apparatus, such as police, army and judiciary.]

    2. Circumstances that affect the capacity to prevent genocide
    Structures that exist to protect the population and deter genocide include effective legislative protection; independent judiciary and effective national human rights institutions, presence of international actors such as UN operations capable of protecting vulnerable groups, neutral security forces and independent media.
    Issues to be analyzed here include:
    • Existing structures;
    • The effectiveness of those structures;
    • Whether vulnerable groups have genuine access to the protection afforded by the
    structures;
    • Patterns of impunity and lack of accountability for past crimes committed against
    the targeted groups;
    • Other options for obtaining protection against genocide, e.g. presence of
    peacekeepers in a position to defend the group, or seeking asylum in other countries.

    3. Presence of illegal arms and armed elements
    The issues to be analyzed here include:
    • Whether there exists a capacity to perpetrate genocide – especially, but not exclusively, by killing;
    • How armed groups are formed, who arms them and what links they have to state authorities, if any;
    • In cases of armed rebellions or uprising, whether a state has justified targeting groups from which armed actors have drawn their membership.

    4. Motivation of leading actors in the State/region; acts which serve to encourage divisions between national, racial, ethnic, and religious groups
    The issues to be analyzed here include:
    • Underlying political, economic, military or other motivation to target a group and to separate it from the rest of the population;
    • The use of exclusionary ideology and the construction of identities in terms of “us” and “them” to accentuate differences;
    • Depiction of a targeted group as dangerous, disloyal, a security or economic threat or as unworthy or inferior so as to justify action against the group;
    • Propaganda campaigns and fabrications about the targeted group used to justify acts against a targeted group by use of dominant, controlled media or “mirror politics”3;
    • Any relevant role, whether active or passive, of actors outside the country (e.g., other Governments, armed groups based in neighboring countries, refugee groups or diasporas) and respective political or economic motivations.
    
    5. Circumstances that facilitate perpetration of genocide (dynamic factors)
    Issues to be analyzed here include:
    Any development of events, whether gradual or sudden, that suggest a trajectory towards the perpetration of genocidal violence, or the existence of a longer term plan or policy to commit genocide. Examples:
    • Sudden or gradual strengthening of the military or security apparatus; creation of or increased support to militia groups (e.g., sudden increases in arms flow) in the absence of discernible legitimate threats;
    • Attempts to reduce or eradicate diversity within the security apparatus;
    • Preparation of local population to use them to perpetrate acts;
    • Introduction of legislation derogating the rights of a targeted group;
    • Imposition of emergency or extraordinary security laws and facilities that erode
    civil rights and liberties;
    3 “Mirror politics” is a common strategy to create divisions by fabricating events whereby a person accuses others of what he or she does or wants to do.
    • Sudden increase in inflammatory rhetoric or hate propaganda, especially by leaders, that sets a tone of impunity, even if it does not amount to incitement to genocidal violence in itself;
    • Permissive environment created by ongoing armed conflict that could facilitate access to weapons and commission of genocide.

    6. Genocidal acts
    Issues to be analyzed here include:
    • Acts that could be obvious “elements” of the crime of genocide as defined in 4
    Article 6 of the Rome Statute, such as killings, abduction and disappearances,
    torture, rape and sexual violence; ‘ethnic cleansing’ or pogroms;5
    • Less obvious methods of destruction, such as the deliberate deprivation of
    resources needed for the group’s physical survival and which are available to the
    6 rest of the population, such as clean water, food and medical services;
    • Creation of circumstances that could lead to a slow death, such as lack of proper housing, clothing and hygiene or excessive work or physical exertion;
    • Programs intended to prevent procreation, including involuntary sterilization, forced abortion, prohibition of marriage and long-term separation of men and women;
    • Forcible transfer of children, imposed by direct force or through fear of violence, duress, detention, psychological oppression or other methods of coercion;
    • Death threats or ill treatment that causes disfigurement or injury; forced or coerced use of drugs or other treatment that damages health.
    
    7. Evidence of intent “to destroy in whole or in part …”7
    Issues to be analyzed here include:
    • Statements amounting to hate speech 8 by those involved in a genocidal campaign;
    • In a large-scale armed conflict, widespread and systematic nature of acts; intensity and scale of acts and invariability of killing methods used against the same protected group; types of weapons employed (in particular weapons prohibited
    under international law) and the extent of bodily injury caused;
    • In a non-conflict situation, widespread and/or systematic discriminatory and targeted practices culminating in gross violations of human rights of protected
    groups, such as extrajudicial killings, torture and displacement;
    • The specific means used to achieve “ethnic cleansing” which may underscore that the perpetration of the acts is designed to reach the foundations of the group or
    what is considered as such by the perpetrator group;
    • The nature of the atrocities, e.g., dismemberment of those already killed that
    reveal a level of dehumanization of the group or euphoria at having total control over another human being, or the systematic rape of women which may be intended to transmit a new ethnic identity to the child or to cause humiliation and terror in order to fragment the group;
    • The destruction of or attacks on cultural and religious property and symbols of the targeted group that may be designed to annihilate the historic presence of the group or groups;
    • Targeted elimination of community leaders and/or men and/or women of a particular age group (the ‘future generation’ or a military-age group);
    • Other practices designed to complete the exclusion of targeted group from social/political life.
    4 5
    substantial, systematic and widespread over a period of time.
    6
    Deprivation of the means to sustain life can be imposed through confiscation of harvests, blockade of foodstuffs, detention
    in camps, forcible relocation or expulsion to inhospitable environments.
    Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court.
    Efforts should be made to gather information on a sufficient number of incidents to determine whether the abuses were

    8. Triggering factors
    Issues to be analyzed here include:
    Future events or circumstances seemingly unrelated to genocide that might aggravate conditions or spark deterioration in the situation, pointing to the likely onset of a genocidal episode. These ‘triggers’ might include:
    • Upcoming elections (and associated activities such as voter registration or campaigning; revision of delimitation of electoral boundaries; a call for early elections or the postponement or cancellation of elections; disbanding of election commissions; imposition of new quotas/standards for political party or candidate eligibility);
    • Change of Government outside of an electoral or constitutionally sanctioned process;
    • Instances where the military is deployed internally to act against civilians;
    • Commencement of armed hostilities;
    • Natural disasters that may stress state capacity and strengthen active opposition
    groups;
    • Increases in opposition capacity, which may be perceived as a threat and prompt
    preemptive action, or rapidly declining opposition capacity which may invite rapid
    9 action to eliminate problem groups.
    7
    Genocidal intent can develop gradually, e.g., in the course of conflict and not necessarily before, and genocide may be used as a “tool” or “strategy” to achieve military goals in an operation whose primary objective may be unrelated to the targeted group. Evidence of “intent to destroy” can be inferred from a set of existing facts which would suggest that what is unfolding or ongoing may be genocide. From a preventive perspective, there could be other indications of a plan or policy or an attempt to destroy a protected group before the occurrence of full-blown genocide.
    8 9
    The hate speech has to denigrate characteristics of a specific ethnic/racial/religious/national group.
    Critical moments can also represent moments of opportunity to improve a situation and to lessen the risk of genocide.

    https://www.un.org/en/preventgenocide/adviser/pdf/osapg_analysis_framework.pdf

  5. To the prosecutor of the International court of Hague based on the article 15 of Rome

    In addition
    Witness (File number): OTP-CR-345/12 case number 157/2009
    Corte Criminal International (ICC)
    National discrimination (cause – I “didn’t” pay the 100 euros because of the austerity measures) case court Number 157/2009 etc regarding my health medical record – illegal NATIONAL health research – from the Greek doctors/politicians/GREEK COURTS – from 2007 up to day
    Therefore, there are different aspects of the issue it seems to be the austerity measures with specific attitude
    The issue could be approached by multiple ways – dimensions:
    First part: multiple visits to Greek doctors
    Avoidance to provide treatment perhaps not because of the dental implants – but from the austerity measures – the national insurance ika/ταξυ
    AMA 8355308
    Number of register: 95 737
    Number of the police complain.
    αριθμός πρωτοκ. 1020/2/4274-α (66)
    Date of the complain 5/4-2012
    Previously in 10/10- 2008 and 30-10-2008 I have visited my government insurance called TAΞΥ about the implants and they suggested – go to a private dentist – we don’t know about implants – perhaps he/she the two denti

    http://www.gopetition.com/petition-comment.php?cid=18245606

  6. La Stampa – Italy | Friday, March 9, 2012

    The financial genocide continues
    Despite the debt restructuring deal there is no cause for jubilation in Greece because the EU will continue with its financial genocide, the liberal daily La Stampa writes: “What we are doing with Greece goes beyond the limits of the economic. Even if Athens did dish up a pack of lies – lies the European financial world was only too glad to believe – the rest of Europe is treating the Greeks worse than the allies treated the defeated Germans after World War II. The deal that saves the euro is a death sentence for Greece. By preventing Greece from officially going bankrupt Europe is allowing the country to be bled dry. This is financial genocide, as a Viennese paper [Die Presse] so aptly described this torture method. We are condemning the country to at least 15 years of poverty.”
    » full article (external link, Italian)

    http://www.eurotopics.net/en/home/medienindex/media_articles/archiv_article/ARTICLE101948-The-financial-genocide-continues

  7. Genocide – A Modern Crime

    By Raphael Lemkin , April 1945

    This article first appeared during World War II in the April 1945 issue of FREE WORLD – “A Non-Partisan Magazine devoted to the United Nations and Democracy,” published in five languages. [Free World, Vol. 4 (April, 1945), p. 39- 43]The article summarized for a popular audience the concepts Lemkin originally presented in Chapter 9 of Axis Rule in Occupied Europe, published by the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in November 1944.
    “ONE of the great mistakes of 1918 was to spare the civil life of the enemy countries, for it is necessary for us Germans to be always at least double the numbers of the peoples of the contiguous countries. We are therefore obliged to destroy at least a third of their inhabitants. The only means is organized underfeeding which in this case is better than machine guns.”

    The speaker was Marshal von Rundstedt addressing the Reich War Academy in Berlin in 1943. He was only aping the Fuhrer who had said, “Natural instincts bid all living human beings not merely conquer their enemies but also destroy them. In former days it was the victor’s prerogative to destroy tribes, entire peoples.”

    Hitler was right. The crime of the Reich in wantonly and deliberately wiping out whole peoples is not utterly new in the world. It is only new in the civilized world as we have come to think of it. It is so new in the traditions of civilized man that he has no name for it.

    It is for this reason that I took the liberty of inventing the word, “genocide.” The term is from the Greek word genes meaning tribe or race and the Latin cide meaning killing. Genocide tragically enough must take its place in the dictionary of the future beside other tragic words like homicide and infanticide. As Von Rundstedt has suggested the term does not necessarily signify mass killings although it may mean that.

    More often it refers to a coordinated plan aimed at destruction of the essential foundations of the life of national groups so that these groups wither and die like plants that have suffered a blight. The end may be accomplished by the forced disintegration of political and social institutions, of the culture of the people, of their language, their national feelings and their religion. It may be accomplished by wiping out all basis of personal security, liberty, health and dignity. When these means fail the machine gun can always be utilized as a last resort. Genocide is directed against a national group as an entity and the attack on individuals is only secondary to the annihilation of the national group to which they belong.

    Such terms as “denationalization” or “Germanization” which have been used till now do not adequately convey the full force of the new phenomenon of genocide. They signify only the substitution of the national pattern of the oppressor for the original national pattern but not the destruction of the biological and physical structure of the oppressed group.

    Philosophy of Genocide

    GERMANY has transformed an ancient barbarity into a principle of government by dignifying genocide as a sacred purpose of the German people. National Socialism is the doctrine of the biological superiority of the German people. Long before the war nazi leaders were unblushinghly announcing to the world and propagandizing to the Germans themselves the program of genocide they had elaborated. Like Hitler and Von Rundstedt, the official nazi philosopher Alfred Rosenberg declared “History and the mission of the future no longer mean the struggle of class against class, the struggle of church dogma against dogma, but the clash between blood and blood, race and race, people and people.” As the German war machine placed more and more defeated nations under the full control of nazi authorities, their civilian populations found themselves exposed to the bloodthirsty and methodical application of the German program of genocide.

    A hierarchy of racial values determined the ultimate fate of the many peoples that fell under German domination. Jews were to be completely annihilated. The Poles, the Slovenes, the Czechs, the Russians, and all other inferior Slav peoples were to be kept on the lowest social levels. Those felt to be related by blood, the Dutch, the Norwegian, the Alsatians, etc., were to have the alternatives of entering the German community by espousing “Germanism” or of sharing the fate of the inferior peoples.

    Techniques of Genocide

    All aspects of nationhood were exposed to the attacks of the genocidal policy.

    POLITICAL

    The political cohesion of the conquered countries was intended to be weakened by dividing them into more or less self-contained and hermetically enclosed zones, as in the four zones of France, the ten zones of Yugoslavia, the five zones of Greece; by partitioning their territories to create puppet states, like Croatia and Slovakia; by detaching territory for incorporation in the Greater Reich, as was done with western Poland, Alsace-Lorraine, Luxembourg, Slovenia. Artificial boundaries were created to prevent communication and mutual assistance by the national groups involved.

    In the incorporated areas of western land, Luxembourg, Alsace-Lorraine, Eupen, Malmedy, Moresnet, local administrations were replaced by German administrative organization. The legal system was recast on the German model. Special Commissioners for the strengthening of Germanism, attached to each administration, coordinated the activities designed to foster and promote Germanism. They were assisted by local inhabitants of German origin. These, duly registered and accredited, served as a nucleus of Germanism and enjoyed special privileges in respect to food rations, employment and position.

    National allegiances were impaired by creating puppet governments, as in Greece, Norway and France, and by supporting national Nazi parties. Where the people, such as the Poles, could not achieve the dignity of embracing Germanism, they were expelled from the area and their territory (western Poland) was to be Germanized by colonization.

    SOCIAL

    The social structure of a nation is vital to its national development. Therefore the German occupant endeavored to bring about changes that weakened national spiritual resources. The focal point of this attack has been the intelligentsia, because this group largely provides leadership. In Poland and Slovenia the intellectuals and the clergy were to a large extent either murdered or removed for forced labor in Germany. Intellectuals and resistants of all occupied countries were marked for execution. Even among the blood-related Dutch some 23,000 were killed, the greater number of them being leading members of their communities.

    CULTURAL

    The Germans sought to obliterate every reminder of former cultural patterns. In the incorporated areas the local language, place names, personal names, public signs and inscriptions were supplanted by German inscriptions. German was to be the language of the courts, of the schools, of the government and of the street. In Alsace-Lorraine and Luxembourg, French was not even permitted as a language to be studied in primary schools. The function of the schools was to preserve and strengthen nazism. Attendance at a German school compulsory through the primary grades and three years of secondary school.

    In Poland, although Poles could receive vocational training, they were denied any liberal arts training since that might stimulate independent national thinking. To prohibit artistic expression of a national culture, rigid controls were established. Not only were the radio, the press, and the cities closely supervised, but every painter, musician, architect, sculptor, writer, actor and theatrical producer required a license to continue his artistic activities.

    RELIGIOUS

    Wherever religion represented a vital influence in the national life, the spiritual power of the Church was undermined by various means. In Luxembourg children over 14 were protected by law against criticism if they should renounce their religious affiliations for membership in nazi youth organizations. In the puppet state of Croatia an independent, but German-dominated Orthodox Church was created for Serbs, in order to destroy forever the spiritual ties with the Patriarch at Belgrade. With the special violence and thoroughness reserved for Poles and Jews, Polish church property was pillaged and despoiled and the clergy subjected to constant persecution.

    MORAL

    Hand in hand with the undermining of religious influence went devices for the moral debasement of national groups. Pornographic publications and movies were foisted upon the Poles. Alcohol was kept cheap although food became increasingly dear, and peasants were legally bound to accept spirits for agricultural produce. Although under Polish law gambling houses had been prohibited, German authorities not only permitted them to come into existence, but relaxed the otherwise severe curfew law.

    ECONOMIC

    The genocidal purpose of destroying or degrading the economic foundations of national groups was to lower the standards of living and to sharpen the struggle for existence, that no energies might remain for a cultural or national life. Jews were immediately deprived of the elemental means of existence by expropriation and by forbidding them the right to work. Polish property in western incorporated Poland was confiscated and Poles denied licenses to practice trades or handicrafts, thus reserving trade to the Germans. The Post Office Savings Bank in western Poland taken over by the occupying authorities, assured the financial superiority of Germans by repaying deposits only to certificated Germans. In Slovenia the financial cooperatives and agricultural associations were liquidated. Among the blood-related peoples (Luxembourgers, Alsatians) the acceptance of Germanism was the criterion by which participation in the economic life was determined.

    BIOLOGICAL

    The genocidal policy was far-sighted as well as immediate in its objectives. On the one hand an increase in the birth rate, legitimate or illegitimate, was encouraged within Germany and among Volksdeutsche in the occupied countries. Subsidies were offered for children begotten by German military men by women of related blood such as Dutch and Norwegian. On the other hand, every means to decrease the birth rate among “racial inferiors” was used. Millions of war prisoners and forced laborers from all the conquered countries of Europe were kept from contact with their wives. Poles in incorporated Poland met obstacles in trying to marry among themselves. Chronic undernourishment, deliberately created by the occupant, tended not only to discourage the birth rate but also to an increase in infant mortality. Coming generations in Europe were thus planned to be predominantly of German blood, capable of overwhelming all other races by sheer numbers.

    PHYSICAL

    The most direct and drastic of the techniques of genocide is simply murder. It may be the slow and scientific murder by mass starvation or the swift but no less scientific murder by mass extermination in gas chambers, wholesale executions or exposure to disease and exhaustion. Food rations of all territory under German domination were established on racial principles, ranging in 1943 from 93 per cent of its pre-war diet for the German inhabitants to 20 per cent of its pre-war diet for the Jewish population. A carefully graduated scale allowed protein rations of 97 per cent to Germans, 95 per cent to the Dutch, 71 per cent to the French, 38 per cent to the Greeks and 20 per cent to the Jews. For fats, where there was the greatest shortage, the rations were 77 per cent to the Germans, 65 per cent to the Dutch, 40 per cent to the French and 0.32 per cent to the Jews. Specific vitamin deficiencies were created on a scientific basis.

    The rise in the death rate among the various groups reflects this feeding program. The death rate in the Netherlands was 10 per thousand; Belgium 14 per thousand; Bohemia and Moravia 13.4 per thousand. The mortality in Warsaw was 2.160 Aryans in September 1941 as compared to 800 in September 1938, and for the Jews in Warsaw 7,000 in September 1941 as against 306 in Septeniber1938.

    Such elementary necessities of life as warm clothing, blankets and firewood in winter were either withheld or requisitioned from Poles and Jews. Beginning with the winter of 1940-1941 the Jews in the Warsaw Ghetto received no fuel at all. Even God’s clean air was denied – the Jews in the overcrowded ghettos were forbidden the use of public parks. The authoritative report of the War Refugee Board published in November 1944, and the overwhelming new evidence that appears daily of the brutal mass killings that have taken place in such notorious “death camps” as Maidanek and Oswiecim are sufficient indication of the scope of the German program.

    In Birkenau alone between April 1942 and April 1944 approximately 1,765,000 Jews were gassed. Some 5,600,000 Jews and around 2,000,000 Poles have been murdered or died as a result of the extermination policies. Whole communities have been exterminated. It is estimated, for instance, that of the 140,000 Dutch Jews who lived in the Netherlands before occupation, only some 7,000 now survive, the rest being transferred to Poland for slaughter.

    International Implications

    WHY should genocide be recognized as an international problem? Why not treat it as an internal problem of every country, if committed in time of peace, or as a problem between belligerents, if committed in time of war?

    The practices of genocide anywhere affect the vital interests of all civilized people. Its consequences can neither be isolated nor localized. Tolerating genocide is an admission of the principle that one national group has the right to attack another because of its supposed racial superiority. This principle invites an expansion of such practices beyond the borders of the offending state, and that means wars of aggression.

    The disease of criminality if left unchecked is contagious. Minorities of one sort or another exist in all countries, protected by the constitutional order of the state. If persecution of any minority by any country is tolerated anywhere, the very moral and legal foundations of constitutional government may be shaken.

    International trade depends on the confidence in the ability of individuals participating in the interchange of goods to fulfill their obligations. Arbitrary and wholesale confiscations of the properties and economic rights of whole groups of citizens of one state deprives them of the possibilities of discharging their obligations to citizens of other states, who thereby are penalized.

    A source of international friction is created by unilateral withdrawal of citizen rights and even by expulsion of whole minority groups to other countries. The expulsion of law-abiding residents from Germany before this war has created friction with the neighboring countries to which these people were expelled. Moreover mass persecutions force mass flight. Thus the normal migration between countries assumes pathological dimensions.

    Our whole cultural heritage is a product of the contributions of all peoples. We can best understand this if we realize how impoverished our culture would be if the so-called inferior peoples doomed by Germany, such as the Jews, had not been permitted to create the Bible or to give birth to an Einstein, a Spinosa; if the Poles had not had the opportunity to give to the world a Copernicus, a Chopin, a Curie, the Czechs a Huss, and a Dvorak; the Greeks a Plato and a Socrates; the Russians, a Tolstoy and a Shostakovich.

    Safeguards and Remedies

    THE significance of a policy of genocide to the world order and to human culture is so great as to make it imperative that a system of safeguards be devised. The principle of the international protection of minorities was proclaimed by post-Versailles minority treaties.

    These treaties, however, were inadequate because they were limited to a few newly created countries. They were established mainly with the aim of protecting political and civil rights, rather than the biological structure of the groups involved; the machinery of enforcement of such political rights was as incomplete as that of the League of Nations.

    Under such conditions the genocide policy begun by Germany on its own Jewish citizens in 1933 was considered as an internal problem which the German state, as a sovereign power, should handle without interference by other states.

    Although the Hague Regulations were concerned with the protection of civilians under control of military occupants, they did not foresee all the ingenious and scientific methods developed by Germany in this war.

    Genocide is too disastrous a phenomenon to be left to fragmentary regulation. There must be an adequate mechanism for international cooperation in the punishment of the offenders.

    The crime of genocide includes the following elements:

    The intent of the offenders is to destroy or degrade an entire national, religious or racial group by attacking the individual members of that group.
    This attack is a serious threat either to life, liberty, health, economic existence or to all of them.
    The offenders may be representatives of the state or of organized political or social groups.
    Liability should be fixed upon individuals both as to those who give the orders and to those who execute the orders.
    The offender, should be precluded from invoking as his defense the plea that he had been acting under the law of his country, since acts of genocide should be declared contrary to international law and morality.
    Since the consequences of genocide are international in their implications, the repression of genocide should be internationalized. The culprit should be liable not only in the country in which the crime was committed, but in the country where he might be apprehended. The country where he is found may itself try him or extradite him.
    Since a country which makes a policy of genocide cannot be trusted to try its own offenders, such offenders should be subject to trial by an international court. Eventually, there should be established a special chamber within the framework of the International Court of Justice.
    The crime of genocide should be incorporated into the penal codes of all states by international treaty, giving them a legal basis upon which they could act.
    It is also proposed that the Hague Regulations be modified to extend to captive nations the controls provided for the treatment of war prisoners by the Convention of July 1929. Attempts to rescue or alleviate the suffering of captive nations have been hampered by lack of accurate information.
    Germany has reminded us that our science and our civilization have not expunged barbarism from the human animal. They have merely armed it with more efficient instruments. We must call upon the resources of all our social and legal institutions to protect our civilization against the onslaught of this wanton barbarism in generations to come.
    _________

    RAPHAEL LEMKIN is Polish but his viewpoint is international and his understanding of the nazi menace is of more than recent date. This former League of Nations specialist was a member of the International Bureau for Unification of Criminal Law. At the Madrid Conference of 1933 he introduced the first proposal ever made to outlaw nazism by declaring it a crime. His idea was that any Nazi who put his foot abroad should be punished by the government of the country he entered.

    Dr. LEMKIN, now teaching at Duke University, has served as a consultant to the United States on economic warfare and on military government. His article in this issue coins a new word for the English dictionary to fit nazi organized brutality. He calls it genocide.

    http://www.preventgenocide.org/lemkin/freeworld1945.htm

  8. Ο κρητικός γιατρός που σόκαρε το Ευρωκοινοβούλιο με τα λόγια και τις φωτογραφίες του

    14.03.2014 – 11:05

    Εκείνο που σκόπιμα παραβλέπει ο υπουργός υγείας και δεν σκέφτηκαν να κάνουν οι θιγόμενοι από τη λεγόμενη “μεταρρύθμιση” στον τομέα της υγείας έπραξε ο πρόεδρος του Ιατρικού Συλλόγου Λασιθίου και μέλος του Πανελληνίου Ιατρικού Συλλόγου, Κωνσταντίνος Νικολαράκης.

    Συγκέντρωσε δηλαδή όλα εκείνα τα στοιχεία που δείχνουν πως η κατάσταση στην οποία έχει περιέλθει σήμερα η υγεία στη χώρα μας έχει πάρει διαστάσεις προβλήματος ανθρωπιστικής φύσεως (ανάμεσα τους και δημοσίευμα του εγκυρότερου ξένου ιατρικού περιοδικού Lancet που μιλάει για την Ελληνική κρίση στην υγεία) και μετέβη στις Βρυξέλλες όπου τα παρέθεσε στο Ευρωπαϊκό Κοινοβούλιο ενημερώνοντας σχετικά και τον ίδιο τον Επίτροπο Υγείας.

    Ο κ Νικολαράκης μιλώντας σήμερα στο Ράδιο Κρήτη και το Νίκο Ψιλάκη τόνισε ότι η επίσκεψη του στις Βρυξέλλες επιβεβαίωσε εκείνο που φοβόταν, ότι δηλαδή εκεί γνωρίζουν τα τεχνοκρατικά στοιχεία της δήθεν μεταρρύθμισης στο χώρο της υγείας αλλά δεν έχουν ιδέα για τα προβλήματα που έχει δημιουργήσει στον άνθρωπο.

    Όπως χαρακτηριστικά τους εξήγησε, «Εδώ χτυπά η καρδιά της Ευρώπης, 3000 χιλιόμετρα όμως από εδώ σπαράζει και ραγίζει η καρδιά του Έλληνα πολίτη. Εμείς οι Έλληνες γιατροί δεν ήρθαμε εδώ για να ζητήσουμε ελεημοσύνη…Ήρθαμε να σας ενημερώσουμε ότι όπως κάθε οικονομική κρίση αυτού του μεγέθους, σαν αυτή που πλήττει την πατρίδα μας σήμερα, συνοδεύτηκε από κρίση ανθρωπιστικής φύσεως. Τα ίδια έχουν γίνει στο παρελθόν, έτσι γίνεται και σ εμάς σήμερα. Το ζήτημα της υγείας στην Ελλάδα έχει μετατραπεί σε μείζον πρόβλημα ανθρωπιστικής φύσεως”.

    Για να στηρίξει τις απόψεις του ο κ Νικολαράκης πήγε κρατώντας στα χέρια του συγκεκριμένα στοιχεία, που ουδείς στο Ευρωκοινοβούλιο αμφισβήτησε.

    Μίλησε για τα 4 εκ Ελλήνων που βρίσκονται σήμερα κάτω από το όριο της φτώχειας με ετήσια έσοδα λιγότερα των 4.000 ευρώ, για το 1,5 εκατομμύριο των ανέργων , για τους 750.000 πολίτες που είναι ανασφάλιστοι χωρίς καμία πρόσβαση στο ΕΣΥ, (ανάμεσα τους και χιλιάδες παιδιά που δεν έχουν καν εμβολιαστεί), για την αύξηση των κρουσμάτων AIDS , για την αύξηση κατά 30% των ασθενών που προσέρχονται στα κρατικά θεραπευτικά ιδρύματα τα τελευταία 4 χρόνια και πολλά άλλα.

    Ο ίδιος παρουσίασε αναλυτικά στοιχεία για το νοσοκομείο του Αγίου Νικολάου όπου εργάζεται με τους 68 γιατρούς πριν το 2009 και τους 48 σήμερα, επίσης παρέθεσε στοιχεία του μεγαλύτερου Μαιευτηρίου της Αθήνας όπου μητέρες εγκαταλείπουν κρυφά τα βράδια τα παιδιά τους, μετά την αποθεραπεία τους, επειδή δεν έχουν να πληρώσουν το κόστος νοσηλείας τους.

    Δεν αρκέστηκε όμως μόνο εκεί. Έκανε κι ένα βήμα παραπέρα και έδειξε σειρά φωτογραφιών με ανήμπορους κατάκοιτους ανθρώπους , ανθρώπους με παραπληγία 100% που η αρμόδια υγειονομική επιτροπή τους στερεί το σχετικό επίδομα χαρακτηρίζοντας τους ως μη παραπληγικούς.

    Όπως τους εξήγησε ο κ Νικολαράκης ,80.000 άνθρωποι είναι σήμερα στην Ελλάδα στο κρεβάτι περιμένοντας τις ανύπαρκτες επιτροπές να αποφανθούν για την αδυναμία τους να λειτουργήσουν όπως όλοι εμείς ώστε να πάρουν το επίδομα που δικαιούνται .

    Τα λεγόμενα του ψυχιάτρου στην ειδικότητα, από τον Άγιο Νικόλαο , φαίνεται να έγιναν κατανοητά από τους τεχνοκράτες των Βρυξελλών και όπως ο ίδιος είπε διαπίστωσε πως σε δύο σημεία, τουλάχιστον, μάλλον θα πρέπει να περιμένουμε την παρέμβαση τους. Το ένα έχει να κάνει με τα μη εμβολιασμένα παιδιά και το άλλο με τους κατάκοιτους ασθενείς που περιμένουν να περάσουν από επιτροπές.

    Ο κ Νικολαράκης φέρεται αποφασισμένος να φτάσει το θέμα μέχρι και στον Παγκόσμιο Οργανισμό Υγείας καθώς όπως είπε «ως γιατροί δεν θεραπεύουμε νούμερα αλλά ανθρώπους»

    Εξάλλου ο ίδιος θεωρεί υποχρέωση της ΕΕ να παρέμβει και να δώσει λύση «Όταν με υποκριτικό τρόπο η Ευρώπη στηρίζει ανθρώπους στην υποσαχάρια Αφρική καλό είναι να βλέπει και τι γίνεται στην αυλή της» σημειώνει χαρακτηριστικά.

    Ε.Β

    http://www.ekriti.gr/κρήτη/ο-κρητικός-γιατρός-που-σόκαρε-το-ευρωκοινοβούλιο-με-τα-λόγια-και-τις-φωτογραφίες-του#sthash.i0NZNc4x.xjr7Hp0b.dpbs

  9. Pingback: Ένα από τα καλύτερα βίντεο που έχετε δει ποτέ, σχετικά με το θέμα της λαθρομετανάστευσης… « ΑΡΧΑΙΑ ΙΘΩΜΗ

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